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Fertility medications are often used to induce ovulation; to improve the quality or quantity of eggs released or retrieved through IVF; and to enhance progesterone production to assist implantation.

Other medications we use include:

  • Lupron: Leuprolide acetate is an injectable medication that can be used in several ways. One way of using lupron is to “quiet down” your ovaries. Lupron causes the ovary to become hormonally inactive as reflected in low estrogen levels and no ovarian cysts via ultrasound. Lupron prevents premature ovulation in IVF cycles. In very small doses, Lupron can also be used to stimulate the ovaries. This is done to aggressively stimulate the ovaries for IVF. Finally, Lupron can also be used as a “trigger” by inducing an LH surge for IVF. 
  • Ganirelix/Cetrotide: These are injectable medications that prevent the ovary from premature ovulation. Unlike Lupron, it is usually started once your ovaries have begun to form follicles and produce estrogen. They may cause more local skin irritation than your other injectable medications.
  • Estrogen: Estrogen is usually given to FET (frozen embryo transfer) patients or to donor recipients to build up the endometrial lining. It can be given as pills (Estrace) orally or vaginally, or as patches (Vivelle).
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